Glaucoma

A group of eye diseases which slowly and irreversibly deteriorate the optic nerve and retina, one of the factors to take in consideration would be the ocular hypertension.

What is Glaucoma?

 

Inside the eye, there is a transparent fluid called aqueous humor, which supplies oxygen and nutrients to ocular structures. One of the key functions of this fluid is to maintain ocular pressure, which is responsible for keeping the eye in a spherical shape and the ocular walls tense.

 

This fluid is produced in the posterior chamber, located between the iris and the lens. It passes through the pupil and irrigates the zone between the cornea and the iris, and is eventually drained by a trabecular meshwork at the junctions of the cornea and iris. When everything is functioning properly, intraocular pressure remains at normal levels.

 

However, when factors delay or block the flow of aqueous humor, intraocular pressure increases, leading to optic nerve damage and the development of glaucoma.

 

There are two main types of glaucoma:

 

  • Open-angle glaucoma: The increase in intraocular pressure is asymptomatic and progressive. This pressure gradually pushes on the optic nerve, causing blindness over time and creating a “tunnel vision” effect. Open-angle glaucoma accounts for 60% of glaucoma cases.

 

  • Closed-angle glaucoma: This occurs when the flow of aqueous humor is abruptly blocked, causing a rapid elevation of intraocular pressure. It is characterized by symptoms such as headache, redness of the eye, nausea, and vomiting. Closed-angle glaucoma is considered a medical emergency.

 

Glaucoma can be diagnosed through comprehensive examinations performed by a specialized physician. Depending on the stage of the disease, treatment options range from the use of eye drops to surgery.

 

Early detection is crucial in managing glaucoma. That’s why at Eyexperts, we recommend regular visits to our specialized doctors who can evaluate your case and guide you with an accurate glaucoma treatment based on their extensive experience. At Eyexperts, we love your vision!

Appointments for Glaucoma review

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